Download Citation on ResearchGate | Creative and mental growth / [by]Viktor Lowenfeld | Incluye bibliografía }. Creative and Mental Growth has 48 ratings and 1 review. Children are the essence of this book, but more than that, they are the essence of society. Creat. It is fascinating to realize that as children grow and experience the world in both physical and psychological settings, their physical, mental, and creative growth.

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It may occur in many classrooms that a child “finds himself” in a painting, and an emotional block that inhibited him in his growth is removed. The inde- losenfeld, thinking cerative will not only express whatever comes into his mind but will tackle any problem, loweneld or mental, that he encoun- ters in life.

The children of this period learned in an environment as modern to them as any Frank Lloyd Wright or Saarinen architecture may be for our time. In this way a discrepancy is created between contemporary teaching and the false facade of the environment. For one student, water color may be the medium through which he expresses his desires without technical interference.

Unintentional changes are meaningless for the child of eight. Since in his painting the child is more concerned with expressing his own ideas than with visual stimuli, such accidents would only frustrate him in his feelings of mastery.

This intrinsic value of any art experience seems to be of great educational significance, since it promotes the natural tendency of growth. To live co- operatively as well-adjusted human beings in this society and to contribute Figure 9. Creative expression is as differentiated as are individuals. In filling the outline drawings, the children are regimented into the same type of activity, wnd no provision for their differences as individuals.

The Pennsylvania State University, Today we pray in churches that are, for the most part, poor imitations of times long past. How ridiculous to over- power these little children’s souls! No procedure or material should be replaceable by another one.

Creative and Mental Growth

Pages containing links to subscription-only content CS1 errors: Lowenfeld’s ideas of art as a catalyst of creativity have prompted many research dissertations in the field of art education. Some art educators identify predominantly with aesthetic criteria, art media and their application, the elements of design and their organization; others identify completely with the individ- ual who produces. One of the authors of such a workbook defended his method by saying, “I am only interested in promoting better arithmetic — I don’t know anything about art.

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One of the basic ingredients of a creative art experience is the relation- ship between the artist and his environment. It should be remembered that these are not isolated components but are areas to consider as relevant to the en- couragement of creative thinking.

What a person knows, or does not know, may bear no relationship to creative action.

When we transform paper bags into puppets, we lodenfeld the material in a new way and thus give it new meaning. It is precisely from our analysis of this discrepancy between the representation and the thing represented that we gain insight into the child’s real experience.

Viktor Lowenfeld

A child who expresses the importance of an object by overemphasizing it — as the Egyptians who drew the king larger than the servants — would become confused by criticism based on our visual sense of proportion. It bothers us to keep things all to ourselves, to have them eat into us. Whereas the Church was the main focal point of education during the Middle Ages, our schools have taken over this function today.

What is most disturbing is that the skill in repeating bits of information may have very little rela- tionship to the “contributing, well-adjusted member of society” we thought we were producing. From its profusely illustrated pages springs a wealth of information on the growth and development of the creative process in the child, from his first uncontrolled scribbles to his high school paintings.

Since the imitative child can- not give expression to his own thoughts and emotions, his dependency leads directly to feelings of frustration.

The dependency that such methods create is devastating. If the child draws all airplanes alike, it will be a discovery for him to distinguish be- tween big and small planes. Because Mary can- not adjust quickly to the new situation, she may escape into a tantrum.

Thanks for telling us about the problem. A study by Heilman shows clear evidence of the detrimental effects of the use of workbooks. Self -adjustment Any work that is forced upon a person creates tension and dissatisfac- tion.

A tech- nique should not be taught as such, separated from its meaning. If we did not give the child the proper motivation to identify with his individual concepts, we would not do justice to the child’s creative needs during this stage of development.


Creative and Mental Growth – Viktor Lowenfeld, William Lambert Brittain – Google Books

Every child would use his deeply rooted creative impulse without inhibition, confident in his own kind of expression. Too early specialization, especially on the upper levels of education, has prevented the child’s integrated growth and has made man one-track-minded. Johnny is weaker than Bob; he can never show his dislike directly, but in his drawing he can. It is there- fore important to investigate more closely the attributes art media must have to promote self-identification of the child with his experiences.

He loves to discover new things, to experiment, and to read fantastic stories. Yet it is understood that no reference is made to the greater efficiency and power of later models, but to the aesthetic crdative, the upholstery, the styling of the dashboard, and so forth.

It seems that we have more con- fidence in our industrial power and institutions than in our religious forms, for we have quickly accepted the new styles for our factories. Only when we begin with a well-integrated curriculum in early childhood will we be able to succeed.

Creative and Mental Growth by Viktor Lowenfeld

There are also many levels of creative performance, from the mere drawing of a line following the directions of the teacher, to the complex integrated compo- sition that is done spontaneously.

The influence that the environment has on growth is not a new discovery either of educators or of psychologists. The current edition is written in the hope that it may provide the basis for deeper understand- ing of the art expression of children. I also wish gratefully to acknowledge the following for their help in securing the illustrations for this volume: McDonald rated it really liked it Feb 21, We, too, can only recall things to the extent to which either our knowledge or our individual emotional relationships permit us.

Imitation in learning a language is used with the aim of expressing oneself and communicating with others.