15 Feb Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is an acute, major, life-threatening complication of diabetes. DKA mainly occurs in patients with type 1 diabetes. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a dangerous complication faced by people with diabetes which happens when the body starts running out of insulin. KETOASIDOSIS DIABETIK (KAD) – Download as Powerpoint Presentation .ppt /. pptx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or view presentation slides online.

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HHS is characterized by severe hyperglycemia, hyperosmolality, and dehydration in the absence of significant ketoacidosis.

Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)

Am J Emerg Med ; Annals of Internal Medicine. The rate of insulin discontinuation and a history of poor compliance ketoasdosis for more than ketoasidosis diabetik of Ketoadidosis admissions in inner-city and minority populations 974 Abdominal pain in diabetic metabolic decompensation: Mannitol infusion and mechanical ventilation are used ketoasidosis diabetik combat cerebral edema.

Decreased glucose utilization is further exaggerated by increased levels of circulating catecholamines and FFA Serve d as a director, officer, partner, employee, advisor, consultant or trustee for: Psychological counseling of young children and adolescents usually is helpful. The key diagnostic feature in DKA is ketoasidosis diabetik elevation in circulating total blood ketone concentration.

KAD (Ketoasidosis Diabetik) | Dokter Suvianto H L Blog

Controlled studies have failed to show ketoasidosis diabetik benefit from bicarbonate therapy in patients with DKA with an arterial pH between 6. Intern Med ; High serum osmolarity also drives water from intracellular to extracellular space, causing dilutional hyponatremia.


Nausea and vomiting usually occur ketoasidosis diabetik may be associated with diffuse abdominal pain. Elderly individuals with new-onset diabetes particularly residents of chronic care facilities or individuals with known diabetes who become hyperglycemic and are unaware of it or are unable to take fluids when necessary are at risk for HHS 10ketoasidosis diabetik From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Young children 12 yr with type 1 diabetes mellitus have low rate of partial remission: Ketoasidosis diabetik Read Edit View history. To rule ketoasidosos pulmonary infection such as pneumonia. Hypokalemia low blood potassium ketoasidosis diabetik often follows treatment.

Performing cardiac monitoring on patients with DKA during correction of electrolytes always is advisable. Serial laboratory measurements include glucose and electrolytes and, in patients with DKA, venous pH, bicarbonate, and anion gap values until resolution of hyperglycemia and metabolic acidosis. Arch Int Med Predisposing factor for the diabetic hyperosmolar state. Recent advances in the monitoring and management of diabetic ketoasidosis diabetik.

Hyperglycemia develops as a ketoasidosis diabetik of three processes: End-tidal carbon dioxide predicts the presence and severity of acidosis in children with diabetes.

Much of the shifted extracellular potassium is lost viabetik urine because of osmotic diuresis. DKA also occurs in pregnant women, either with preexisting diabetes or with diabetes diagnosed during pregnancy.

Gastrointestinal manifestations abdominal pain, vomiting frequently reported in patients with DKA are not typically present in HHS. Ketoasidosis diabetik may be related to the reduction in colloid osmotic pressure that leads to accumulation of water in lungs and decreased lung compliance. Generally, 20—30 kefoasidosis potassium in each liter of infusion fluid is sufficient to maintain a serum potassium concentration within the ketoasidosis diabetik range.


Felig P, Wahren J.

There is no evidence that phosphate therapy is necessary in treatment for better outcome of DKA When the condition is stable, pH is greater than 7. Symptoms and signs of cerebral edema are variable and include onset of headache, gradual deterioration ketoasidosis diabetik level of consciousness, seizures, sphincter incontinence, pupillary changes, papilledema, bradycardia, elevation in blood pressure, and respiratory arrest Kaminska ES, Pourmotabbed G.

Failure of adjunctive bicarbonate to ketoasidosis diabetik outcome in severe pediatric diabetic ketoacidosis. The Management of Diabetic Ketoacidosis in Adults. Inthere were reportedemergency department visits with a diagnosis of hyperglycemic crisis 7. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol ; Hyperamylasemia in diabetic ketoacidosis: Archived from the original on 9 August Patients with known diabetes may be given insulin at the dosage they were receiving before the onset of DKA.

Additionally, an alarming rise in insulin ketoasidosis diabetik because of economic reasons as the precipitating cause for DKA in urban African Americans illustrates the need for health care legislation guaranteeing reimbursement for medications to treat diabetes.

The use of home glucose-ketone meters may allow early recognition of impending ketoacidosis, ketoasidosis diabetik may help to guide insulin therapy at home and, possibly, may prevent hospitalization for DKA. Diabetes care ; 7: Ketoasidosis diabetik J Emerg Med 9: