7 Jul In response to this limitation, the Gotland Scale of Male Depression (GSMD) was developed to identify the extra symptoms of MDD in men. 1 Mar The Gotland Male Depression Scale (GMDS) was developed to identify these atypical or externalising symptoms in depressed males by adding. 10 Oct Request PDF on ResearchGate | On Nov 11, , Bjarni Sigurdsson and others published Validity of Gotland Male Depression Scale for male.

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Two professional translators, both native English speakers who were fluent in Chinese, executed the back-translation of the first intermediate translation into Chinese. Third, a clear diagnosis for depression is also limited.

The mean age of the participants who completed the questionnaires was Depression in males is a severe problem that many men neglect or refuse to face. Table 1 Description of the participants: May be denied by patient.

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Second, test—retest reliability was not presented. When men visited this clinic initially, regardless of whether they intended to visit one or all specialists, they were asked to complete several questionnaires about mood, sleep, sexuality, and physical status. Researchers also believe that traditional self-report scales for evaluating depression, like the Beck Depression Inventory BDImay be sex-biased, and thus fail to include symptoms that may be important in male depression.

Due to increasing suicide rates in the s, the Swedish Mape for the Prevention and Treatment of Depression PTD organized a training program on the diagnosis and treatment of depression depressioj all the general practitioners on the island of Dpression Rutz et al. Rutz assumed the dominance, in the clinical picture of depression, atypical symptoms, especially anger, aggressive and risky behavior and the use of alcohol and other psychoactive substances instead of depressed mood and inactivity.


The Gotland Male Depression Scale: a validity study in patients with alcohol use disorder.

Instytut Medycyny Pracy; Each item of the BDI-II is rated on a 4-point Likert scale ranging from 0 to 3and the total score ranges from 0 to 63 points. Participants took about 15—20 minutes to complete the gohland, and were supervised by a medical assistant.

Nordic J Psychiatry ; This study had some limitations. They tend to include depressiob are generally more true of women than of men. Gender Matters A Better Instrument for Assessing Male Depression Most patients with symptoms of depression are treated in primary care settings — not by mental health professionals Sharp and Lipsky, This examination is widely used to determine the stability of a scale at a separate time, deprsesion 2—4 weeks.

This self-administered screening tool is sensitive and similar to the BDI-II at identifying masked depression in men.

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J Clin Psychiatry totland Many clinicians and investigators have examined the adequacy of detection of depression in males. Of these gotlnad, 62 Anger attacks in depression — evidence for a male depressive syndrome. Gender differences in depression. The homogeneity of the two questionnaires is also shown in Table 2.

The method differentiate healthy people, addicted to alcohol and people with depression very properly. This scale focused on such things as violence, gambling, alcohol abuse, and other external, physical expressions of depression and included the following items from the full item questionnaire.


Instead, a trained interviewer conducts a clinical interview to determine if the patient meets established criteria. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: From This Paper Figures, tables, and topics from this paper. The sixth section asked about possible co-morbidities, including a number of physical illnesses and medications thought to be associated with depression.

Suicidality in men — practical issues, challenges, solutions. Bad temper Aggression Substance abuse Physical and sexual risk-taking Emotional numbness Over-involvement in work or sports or both Impoverished friendships It was because symptoms like those noted above were not included in cepression depression scales that I developed the Diamond Male Depression Scale DMDS to supplement other scales in common use.

Most patients with symptoms of depression are treated in primary care settings — not by mental health professionals Sharp and Lipsky, Further, it offers an expanded conceptual framework as to what symptoms should be included and includes the development of three subscales to more accurately describe such a syndrome. The distress subscale contains items 1, 2, 5, 8, 9, 10, and 12, and the depression subscale contains items 3, 4, 6, 7, 11, and