7 Jul In response to this limitation, the Gotland Scale of Male Depression (GSMD) was developed to identify the extra symptoms of MDD in men. 1 Mar The Gotland Male Depression Scale (GMDS) was developed to identify these atypical or externalising symptoms in depressed males by adding. In a community study, males were screened for possible depression by the Gotland Male Depression Scale (GMDS) and Beck’s Depression Inventory (BDI).

Author: Goltikasa Goltigami
Country: Denmark
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Art
Published (Last): 3 June 2013
Pages: 337
PDF File Size: 2.15 Mb
ePub File Size: 14.65 Mb
ISBN: 356-8-67616-579-8
Downloads: 38625
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Zushakar

Factor Structure of the Gotland Scale of Male Depression in Two Samples of Men With Prostate Cancer

To see the complete study, including the Diamond Male Depression Gotland male depression scale, click here. A systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychiatric treatment in gotland male depression scale with prostate cancer—Results from a nation-wide, population-based cohort study. References American Psychiatric Association. Biopsychosocial aspects of prostate cancer.

Although there are several possible hormone treatments, some of which may vary in their effects, this variable was aggregated here due to the small number of patients who were receiving some specific depressiion treatments. Psycho-Oncology24 gohland, Again, GSMD Item 13 did not correlate strongly with the remaining 13 items and was deleted from further analysis.

May be either a decrease or an increase differentiate from mania. Using a standardized MDD-based treatment model with all PCa patients is less likely to be effective than individualized treatment plans based on gotland male depression scale specific symptom profiles of these patients, and the application of the GSMD could provide valuable data for provision of personalized treatment for the depression that PCa patients experience Insel,thus potentially increasing the currently low efficacy of antidepressant interventions with these men.

According to this view, depression in men often seems to be masked by atypical symptoms like irritability, anger attacks, aggression, stress, anxiety, and fatigue. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment10 Sample Again, GSMD Item 13 did gotland male depression scale correlate strongly with the remaining 13 items and was deleted from further analysis.

malr Am J Mens Health. Factor Analysis Australian Sample There were many interitem correlations greater than. The first factor in the Australian sample and the second factor in the U.

The Gotland Male Depression Scale: a validity study in patients with alcohol use disorder.

Prevention of male suicides: Increase in intensity or frequency of angry outbursts. Increasingly rigid demands for autonomy.

To enhance the generalizability gotland male depression scale the findings, two samples were recruited, each from a different nation and data from each were examined separately and then compared for their overall results in order to emphasize any national differences that may occur. This scale focused on such things as being difficult, irritable, angry, and other external emotional expressions gotpand depression and included the following items from gotland male depression scale full item questionnaire:.


As reported in Table 2gotland male depression scale content of the two factors is not completely congruent across the two samples, with Factor 1 including Decision making and Aggression in the Australian sample but not in the U. In a review of the literature, Whitfield found studies published in peer-reviewed journals that linked depression with a history of gotland male depression scale trauma.

Scale 1, Emotional Acting-In and Scale 2, Emotional Acting-Out, also showed differences between depressed men and women, but not as significantly as with Scale 3. The Gotland Male Depression Scale: The fourth section focused on suicidal ideation and intent and included four questions taken from the Beck Hopelessness Scale as well as two questions that asked directly about suicidal ideation and intent. Correlation coefficients were calculated to investigate the associations between the demographic variables and GSMD scores; multivariate analysis of variance was used to test deprression the fepression of significant differences in age, time since diagnosis, and GSMD score across the two samples.

A number of questionnaires are available to help clinicians identify and diagnose adult patients with major depression. All three sub-scales were significantly correlated with the traditional CES-D depression scale, indicating that they are, in fact, measuring aspects of depression:. Abnormal loss of all interest and pleasure most of the day, nearly every day, for at least 2 weeks. The Scandinavian Prostate Gotland male depression scale Group-4 gotland male depression scale trial.

Do hormone treatments for prostate cancer cause anxiety and depression? Discussion The presence of a two-factor solution in both these samples of PCa patients compared with previous reports of gotland male depression scale single-factor solution in non-PCa men argues for consideration of depression among PCa patients as being unique and requiring targeted treatment models that may be different to those applied to non-PCa populations. There was considerable gogland of psychiatric illness in the participants and their families.

A number of studies Diamond, ; Oquendo et al. Scale 3, Physical Acting-Out, showed significant gender sacle between depressed males and depressed females.

Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders—5. There were many interitem correlations greater than. The sample was predominantly older, male, married, employed, white, educated, and living in the United States.


There were multiple interitem correlations in excess of. Principal components analysis was used in the identification of item clusters and factor loadings generated using both orthogonal and oblique rotations to determine the most coherent and interpretable solution. Avoiding the help of others: When numbers get serious. Up to a quarter of all gotland male depression scale cancer PCa patients suffer from clinically significant depression but treatments are inconsistent and short-lived in their efficacy.

This scale focused on such things as violence, gotland male depression scale, alcohol abuse, and other external, physical expressions of depression and included the following items from the full item questionnaire. Several previous studies of the GSMD have explored its underlying factor structure in an attempt to further describe the underlying gotlan of the male depression construct.

New or renewed interest in psychoactive substance self-administration. Physical Acting-Out Depression This scale focused on such things as violence, gambling, alcohol abuse, and other external, physical expressions of depression and included the following items from the full item questionnaire.

Emotional Acting-In Depression This scale focused on feeling negative, stressed, empty, and other internal expressions of depression and included the following items from the full item questionnaire: In summary, assessment of depression in PCa patients may benefit from an awareness of the underlying structure of that depression and how it may manifest as more than simply MDD symptoms. Oblimin rotation also gotland male depression scale this two-factor solution.

Men are conditioned to express themselves in opposite ways to those of depresssion.

Although the initial analyses conducted on gotland male depression scale data did not reveal any significant association between male depression and cancer status, or past and current treatment, the latter variables were relatively confined and thus cannot be ruled out of contention as possible causal factors in the development and severity of male depression. Introduction Although significant numbers gotland male depression scale prostate cancer PCa patients become depressed Bill-Axelson et al.

Based on a review of studies between andWilliams and colleagues evaluated eleven questionnaires ranging in length from 1 to 30 questions that were assessed in 28 studies.