Principles of Atoric Lens Design – Laramy-K Optical. Views. 4 years ago. Lens, · Lenses, · Aspheric, · Atoric, · Cylinder, · Meridian, · Spherical. free-form back surface aspheric/atoric design with a spherical front surface to % of the aspheric/atoric design is surfaced on the back side of the lens. Jan 21, I have one question about those above topics What is the difference between aspheric, toric and atoric (for glasses, not for contact lenses).

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Curvature of the field is an aberration that results from the difference in focus between a flat focal plane and the curved collection desiggn actual focal points on the Petzval surface. Don’t feed atric Beast Changes to the basic design of these lenses have therefore been limited to subtle variations in optical design across a handful of base curves that must work sufficiently well over relatively broad prescription ranges.

For instance, the designer may choose to minimize power errors out to a certain point and then exaggerate asphericity to improve cosmesis beyond that point.

Optical Factors of Lens Form. Since properly designed corrected curve lenses will have the least amount of the most detrimental aberrations, they are also called best form lens designs.

Some manufacturers may choose to eliminate oblique astigmatism completely, some may choose to eliminate power completely, and others may choose to eliminate or minimize a combination of the two aberrations.

The optical effects of lens aberrations are exacerbated in progressive lenses. Peripheral vision generally requires the wearer to look away from the optical center of the lens. Unfortunately, the Petzval surface is generally flatter than the far-point sphere.

Originally Posted by Fezz.

Manufacturers make base curve selection charts available that provide the recommended prescription ranges for each base curve in the series. Free-form progressive lenses of this type essentially replicate the performance of traditional, semi-finished progressive lenses. In the presence of power error, light from an object point may be refracted to a single point focus by the tangential T and sagittal S meridians, but this point focus does not lie on the far-point sphere FPS.


lrns Lenses can be made flatter, thinner, and lighter, while maintaining the same excellent optical performance. Each base curve in the series is used for producing a small range of prescriptions, as specified by the manufacturer.

This is a technical, intermediate level course intended for dispensing opticians, laboratory technicians, and paraoptometric personnel.

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Current Issue December The tangential plane of the lens represents the meridian of the lens that radiates out from the optical center; these planes are analogous to the spokes of a bicycle wheel. It has also been demonstrated that individuals vary in their habitual head movement. This gives the wearer’s eyes a more natural appearance through the lenses. However, oblique astigmatism only occurs when the wearer looks through the lens at an angle hence, “oblique” or through the peripheral regions of the lens.

In addition to the oblique astigmatism that occurs while viewing off-axis objects in the periphery, you can introduce oblique astigmatism by simply tilting a lens, since this also places the line of sight at a significant angle to the optical axis of the lens. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Opticians Handbook – Aspheric/Atoric

A reduction in plate height will also provide a significant reduction in the magnification associated with plus lenses. For instance, the lens aberrations produced by “flattening” a lens form i. Consequently, we often refer to the peripheral performance of a spectacle lens dexign its off-axis or off-center performance. A lens free from distortion exhibits orthoscopy or no distortion. The focal power of a lens, in dioptersis given by: Essentially, plate height is the height of a lens as measured from a flat plane.


There are six different lens aberrations that can affect the quality of peripheral vision through a spectacle lens:. Best Form Lens Design. Light rays within a plane through the axis of revolution the z axis of the torus are refracted according to the smallest radius of curvature, rwhich means that it has the greatest refractive power, s.

This is sometimes referred to as “astigmatism due to lens tilt. The dioptric difference between these two focal lines is known as the astigmatic error of the lens. By assessing the need, using a questionnaire, the ideal balance between the distance and near viewing zones of the lens design can be tailored to the individual.

Toric lens

As a consequence, there are two different refractive powers at orientations perpendicular to each other. These unwanted power changes can reduce the optical performance of a progressive lens, particularly through the central viewing zones Figure 7. The table, below, represents a range of The surfacing laboratory is ultimately responsible for choosing the appropriate base curve for a given prescription or focal power before surfacing the lens. A typical process begins by generating the lens surface using a three-axis, computer numerically controlled or CNC generator.

While aspheric lenses do not provide better vision than best form lenses, they do provide equivalent vision in drsign flatter, thinner, and lighter lens. And, since this is a minus prescription, the recommended base curve would be